面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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China Focus: Key insights into China's current economic situation******

BEIJING, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) -- As 2021 marks the beginning of China's 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), as well as the start of its journey to fully build itself into a modern socialist country, the nation's economic performance has come under the spotlight.

How is China's economy doing so far? Are there any new situations emerging, or existing issues left unresolved? With the pandemic and economic trend becoming more complicated, where is the world's second-largest economy heading?

In response to the significant attention to and concerns over the Chinese economy from both home and abroad, Xinhua has interviewed a number of authoritative departments and individuals, and the following are some of their opinions and judgments on 10 issues of China's economy.

GROWTH MOMENTUM

China's GDP grew 4.9 percent year on year in the third quarter, slower than its growth of 18.3 percent in the first quarter and 7.9 percent in the second quarter. In the first three quarters, the country logged a 9.8 percent GDP expansion, well above its annual growth target of over 6 percent, official data shows.

The growth slowdown was the result of challenges including a resurgence of COVID-19 cases and severe flooding in certain regions, as well as a higher comparison basis in the same period last year, according to authorities.

China is fully capable of achieving its social and economic development goals for the whole year, and the sound momentum of economic development for the long-run has remained unchanged, they told Xinhua.

DOMESTIC DEMAND

China's retail sales of consumer goods jumped 16.4 percent year on year in the first three quarters of 2021, slower than the 23 percent seen in the first half. The country's fixed-asset investment increased 7.3 percent year on year, down from 12.6 percent in the first six months.

Despite the falling growth, China has staying power in domestic demand expansion supported by a super-scale market of over 1.4 billion people, effective policies to boost consumption, and has seen steady progress in the country's major projects set for the 14th Five-Year Plan period.

In the first three quarters, final consumption contributed 64.8 percent to China's economic growth, 3.1 percentage points higher than the level seen in the first half, according to official data.

FOREIGN TRADE

China's foreign trade staged a stellar performance in the first three quarters, with total imports and exports expanding 22.7 percent year on year to 28.33 trillion yuan (about 4.43 trillion U.S. dollars), beating market expectations and playing a bigger part in driving growth.

Considering factors including a high base in the second half of 2020, the country's foreign trade is likely to grow at a slower pace compared to a year ago, presenting a "high-to-low" curve.

But authorities estimate orders for key foreign trade enterprises will remain sufficient until the second quarter of next year. Imports and exports are therefore expected to sustain steady growth this year.

SUPPLY-SIDE STRUCTURAL REFORM

Since the start of this year, high-quality development has become a more distinctive hallmark of China's growth, with the country's economy seeing optimized structures, improved development quality and stronger growth momentum.

Structural reform has been pressing ahead in a sound manner, as manifested in the steady industrial capacity utilization rate, the declining asset-liability ratio of enterprises, and rapidly expanding investment in weak links such as education and healthcare.

Despite the progress achieved, authorities have cautioned that an excessive production capacity may occur, as other countries will gradually reopen their factories at home, leading to a pullback in China's exports.

Coping with the challenges faced by China's economic growth requires an unswerving focus on economic restructuring. At a key meeting held in July, China's policymakers pledged to tighten the power use limit on energy-intensive industries, saying that steps will be taken to refrain from using the property sector as a short-term economic stimulus and to speed up the development of affordable rental housing.

POWER SUPPLY

Since mid-September, power supply across the country has been tight, reflecting the unbalanced supply and demand of energy, especially coal. Power cuts occurred in certain areas from Sept. 23 to 26, causing widespread concern in society.

To cope with the situation, the National Development and Reform Commission said in a series of announcements that it would take necessary measures, including legal intervention in coal prices, to bring the coal market back to rationality and ensure a stable supply of energy.

The National Energy Administration recently announced that it will promote the integration of new energy power generation projects and further improve the power supply capacity.

An improved pricing mechanism for coal-fired power was also released to deepen market-oriented pricing reform in the sector.

GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL, SUPPLY CHAINS

As certain countries act against globalization and the COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the world, the stability of the global industrial chain and the smooth flow of the global supply chain are confronted with unprecedented challenges.

Thanks to China's timely containment of COVID-19, the stable operations of industrial and supply chains have been secured, and the layouts of multinational companies have increased.

Statistics show that more than 90 percent of foreign companies in China operate mainly in the Chinese market. With a population of 1.4 billion and over 400 million middle-incomers, China has a consumer market of unparalleled size and growth potential.

In addition, the comprehensive advantages of complete industrial facilities, complete infrastructure and abundant human resources have become magnets for foreign investment.

The double-digit year-on-year growth in foreign direct investment into the Chinese mainland in actual use in the January-September period has also confirmed this trend, highlighting that China remains one of the best investment destinations in the world.

Making industrial and supply chains more autonomous and controllable does not require a closed and inward-looking mindset. Rather, it means opening up to a higher level and strengthening overall competitiveness through opening-up and cooperation.

COMMON PROSPERITY

Since the beginning of the year, China has taken a slew of measures to promote common prosperity. While attracting high attention, the term has been misinterpreted by some as "robbing the rich to help the poor."

Rather than having just a few prosperous people, common prosperity, which is an essential requirement of socialism, refers to affluence shared by everyone, physically and intellectually.

China has been gradually placing common prosperity in a more prominent position since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012. Now, having achieved victory in the anti-poverty fight and in the construction of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, the country has favorable conditions to promote common prosperity.

In pursuit of this goal, efforts will be made to properly deal with the relationship between efficiency and fairness, make basic institutional arrangements for income distribution, expand the size of the middle-income group, increase the earnings of low-income groups, adjust excessive incomes, and prohibit illicit incomes to promote social fairness and justice.

ANTI-MONOPOLY

China has unveiled a series of regulatory measures to rein in certain monopolized sectors and the disorderly expansion of capital. These are pragmatic and necessary efforts to promote the sound development of related industries as well as social fairness.

The anti-monopoly measures target illegal acts, rather than the private sector or companies of any specific ownership type.

Thanks to these moves, the flow of capital has seen new trends, with sci-tech innovation, high-tech manufacturing and the industrial internet being new fields that attract capital.

China has been widely recognized as one of the leading nations in the digital economy, meaning it needs more relevant regulations to promote the sound development of related sectors.

RURAL VITALIZATION

After a complete victory in eradicating absolute poverty, China's focus in work related to agriculture, rural areas and rural residents has shifted to comprehensively promoting rural vitalization.

How to prevent a large-scale return to poverty and deliver the rural vitalization strategy has attracted much attention at home and abroad.

The full implementation of the strategy requires stronger top-level design and measures, and more concerted efforts.

Efforts should be made to ensure the country's grain output remains above 650 million tonnes, solve the two key issues, namely seed and arable land, and secure a good start for rural and agricultural modernization, according to authorities.

FINANCIAL RISK PREVENTION

It is important to accurately judge the current financial risk situation as China has seen increased downward pressure in economy, risks and challenges at home and abroad, and debt risks in some enterprises since the second half of the year.

After years of hard work, the country has made great progress in preventing and defusing major financial risks, and has prevented systemic financial risks.

Authorities have noted that while there are individual issues in the real estate market, the risks are generally under control.

The country's top legislature has just adopted a decision to authorize the State Council to pilot property tax reforms in certain regions.

The move aims to advance property tax legislation and reform in an active and prudent manner, guide rational housing consumption and the economical and intensive use of land resources, and facilitate the steady and sound development of the country's property market, according to the decision.

The reasonable capital demand of the property market is being met and the overall trend of healthy development in the real estate market will not change, according to authorities. Enditem

因山猪成灾 陕西省祭出“杀猪令”:禁猎期缩短到2个月******

  春拱种、夏毁苗、秋啃果是野猪损坏粮食作物的切身体会,对农户导致了非常大的困惑。在中国许多省区,野猪已变成致害范畴最广、导致损害最明显的野生动植物。我国林果业和大草原局在2021年2月,明确了山西省做为第一批防治野猪伤害综合性示范点省区,截止到10月31日,我省共猎捕野猪111头。执行各种赔偿体制兑现和赔付229.85万余元。本应在山林日常生活的野猪为什么经常落山,是栖息地的毁坏或是沒有克星、绿色生态变好造成种群数量快速增加?人们该怎么解决,物种又该怎样科学管控?现在咱们就来科学剖析剖析。

  与生俱来就很强劲。

  野猪分布在欧洲地区、亚洲地区和非州。全球范畴内野猪有8属22种,我国1种7个亚种。我国的大兴安岭地区、吉林长白山、松辽平原、黄淮平原、黄土高原地区及其西部地区和华南地区山坡地均有野猪分布。野猪具备令人震惊的繁殖率、充足的肉食性、强劲的适应力。一只雌虫野猪一年能繁育2次,一胎能生4-12只仔猪。小野猪一年就可生长发育完善,传宗接代。肉食性层面,野猪归属于常见的杂食性动物,绿色植物占有他们食材的90%,叶子、干果、果实、草叶和草根创业都包含以内。他们乃至也吃荤,据陕西省宝鸡陇县群众反映,自己的羊就曾被野猪进攻至死并服用。肉食性繁杂充足使他们更非常容易在野外自然环境中生存出来。此外,不论是严寒或是酷热,不论是山坡地、大草原、戈壁滩、湿地公园或是灌木丛、热带雨林,除开极为旱灾的迪拜和云贵高原高原地区地区,野猪可以融入一切自身能够抵达的各种各样自然环境。

  栖息地降低、沒有克星也是发病原因。

  野猪的伤害以及防治,既是生态问题,也是社会问题。野猪总数的猛增、泛滥成灾,和人矛盾的加重,是生态体系失调的主要表现,从而产生的野猪损害工作人员、危害粮食作物,造成大家一切正常生产制造日常生活纪律遭受明显危害,山西省安康市裴坝村产生野猪致伤事情,造成1死1伤。陕西商洛、延安市黄龙、宝鸡陇县等地野猪常常成群结队落山毁农作物。野猪吃农作物,总得来说仍然是栖息地的问题。栖息地总面积不足、栖息地与田地、人们小区欠缺缓存,这种问题实际上全部的野生动植物都是会碰到,差别仅仅野猪适应能力更强,而其他的小动物会因为栖息地的不够慢慢消声匿迹。不论是海外或是别的有关野猪肇事者的科学研究都发觉,野猪关键偏向于毁坏紧挨着初始栖息地的田地。2000年,我国政府施行“三有保护动物”名册,野猪被列再在其中。擅自猎捕野猪变成违纪行为,再加上国家对不法猎捕个人行为的不断严厉打击,野猪活得无拘无束很是舒适安逸,种群数量瘋狂飙涨;三,因为虎、豹、豺、狼等食肉动物物种消退或降低,造成野猪缺乏克星,种群数量过快提高。

  陕西省减少禁猎期。

  对于人与猪矛盾越来越激烈,山西省公布通知,将野猪禁猎期减少到2个月,由原先每一年3月1日到10月31日调节为3月1日到4月30日。这代表着,每一年3月、4月禁猎野猪,其他十个月可以猎捕野猪。这主要是因为野猪致害通常出现在7月和8月,因此本次调节考虑到在野猪致害最明显的时间段开展猎捕。本次调节禁猎期主要是为了能处理地区老百姓反应的问题,在野猪致害最明显的阶段捕猎,避免给老百姓导致意外伤害和财产损失。尽管禁猎期减少,可是依然必须科学的拟定猎捕计划方案,有效设定猎捕总数,以保持野生植物物种,保持生态体系一致性。扔必须对野猪致害缘故、防控措施开展探寻,以科学的方法来助推物种管控,处理伤害人民人民利益的明显分歧。

  拟定科学防治计划方案。

  拟定科学的治理计划方案,最先必须对本地的野猪种群数量、物种构造、分布及活动内容区域等状况开展调研,把握其集中化分布地区、关键伤害地区和伤害种类,以认真梳理。对于此事,2018年逐渐,陕西省早已对地区的野猪分布及总数开展了全方位的检测。依据《山西省野猪种群数量和分布现况科学研究》,在山西省有野猪分布的县(区、市)为69个,分布区总面积117069km2。我省共分布有野猪128707±16718只,在其中山区地带林地分布有128453±16712只,丘陵地形沟壑区分布有264±10只,平原区荒漠区几乎沒有分布。关键分布于林地与农耕区交叠的林缘地区,在其中秦岭山山区地带、黄龙林及其西山地域分布尤其聚集。对于此事,山西省开设了略阳县、黄龙县、镇安县、岚皋县四个野猪伤害防治试点区,拟定相对应的现行政策,对野猪伤害开展防治。

  在实际防控措施层面,现阶段世界各国对于野猪伤害防控措施关键分成造成了巨大和非造成了巨大:造成了巨大方式关键包含枪击、捕杀、下毒、诱引、狼狗觅食、圈套和套捕;非造成了巨大方式关键包含设定阻碍物、影响技术性、调节栖息地和生物体防控措施,别的防控措施包含熏香剂、食欲不振剂和迁移等。这种方式中的每一种在某种情形下全是有效的,但他们必须资金投入特殊的时长和钱财,而且主要表现出不一样水平的实效性。在陕西省,关键采用造成了巨大和非造成了巨大紧密结合的方法来防治野猪。关键包含:1,应用牧羊犬来猎捕野猪,有一些地区早已进行了狼狗猎捕,可是捕捉率在于狼狗是不是练习素养,与此同时伴随着响声尺寸的提升,捕捉的存活率也会降低;2,人力猎捕,建立并学习培训了专门的猎捕团队,选用捕捉笼或步枪开展诱引猎捕,这一方式存在的不足是猎捕成本费较高;3,一部分农户尝试更改野猪的思想观念和记忆力,让其忘掉吃农作物这一件事儿。假如他们见到田地如同见到人们一样害怕,那麼问题便会处理。关键对策为试着用报警灯、反光贴条、电池充电音响喇叭、唢呐锣鼓、刺金属丝网、弱电安装安全防护网、木围栏、草人、代替性农作物(青储苞米)等多种方法来减少野猪进到田地的次数。

  与时共进,或是要修复野猪克星小动物的当然物种,才有利于从压根清除野猪部分物种太多的安全隐患。“合理猎捕,便是要科学全方位检测野猪的物种动态性,保证捕猎活动内容不造成野猪种群数量降低乃至消退”。

  山西省动物研究所 供稿。


来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:方方正正。

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IIHF vice president hopes to promote ice hockey in China ahead of Beijing 2022******

BEIJING, Nov. 9 (Xinhua) -- The "Experience Beijing" test event for ice hockey kicked off earlier this week with fewer than 100 days to go until the Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games.。

Aivaz Omorkanov, Regional Vice-President for Asia & Oceania of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), currently in Beijing to check on the event, voiced hopes that Beijing 2022 would promote the sport in China.。

"The main purpose of the test event is to check the venues, to build good environment, to build good conditions for the players, for the game officials, for the staff, so the Winter Olympic Games will be in perfect condition," said Omorkanov on Tuesday in the Wukesong Sports Center, where the Olympic ice hockey games will take place in February.。

"We can clearly see that in general everything is good, but there are some small areas that need to be improved."

Omorkanov is a former Kyrgyzstan international. He studied international economics and trade at the Beijing University of International Business and Economics in China, so Beijing is quite a familiar place for him.。

"I studied in Beijing for almost seven years and I love China, I love Chinese people, I love Chinese culture and I'm so happy to be back," he said.。

Omorkanov feels happy that China can host the test event.。

"I hope that we will use the chance to promote the ice hockey game in China."

Four Beijing local teams are competing at the test event, and Omorkanov said he can see the development of junior ice hockey in China.。

Currently, members of Chinese men's and women's national ice hockey teams are playing in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) as part of the Kunlun Red Star club.。

"Definitely it will help to promote and grow the game in China because Chinese people can see that there is ice hockey in a high level in the KHL league, and also in the women's league as well," Omorkanov said.。

Omorkanov is confident that the test event can help preparation for the Games. Enditem。

南京一对夫妻离婚外婆获赔16万带娃费 二审维持原判******

2010年,苏某和李某在南京登记结婚,4年后育有一子,并由孩子外婆方某照料。期间,女婿李某主动出具承诺书,表示要支付岳母每月3000元。2019年,2人离婚。去年,方某将前女婿诉至法院,要求其支付承诺的带娃费。法院审理认为,本案中方某并无义务带娃,且承诺书算是一种合同,一审判决李某支付总计16万多元带娃费。李某不服判决上诉,法院二审驳回上诉,维持原判。


来源:荔枝新闻

编辑:曹静

赛诺菲特药业务全球负责人Bill Sibold:挖掘创新潜力 “全力致胜”深耕特药领域

1.贵阳:加快促进房地产消费,实行购房补贴、房票安置、购房团购等

2.这张照片侧面证实了解放军“封岛”演习区选择的深意

3.【天天资讯】预计2025年亮相,全新路虎发现假想图曝光

4.刘星太强了!阿拉巴连场为皇马破门

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